What Is the Definition of a Hurricane for Insurance Purposes?

A hurricane is defined in s. 627.4025(2)(c), Florida Statutes, as a storm system that has been declared a “hurricane” by the National Hurricane Center of the National Weather Service.

What’s more, hurricane deductibles in Florida apply to any damage from when a hurricane watch or warning is issued until 72 hours after the watch or warning ends. Notably, the deductible can only be applied once each hurricane season, which falls between June and November.

What Is the Definition of Hurricane Coverage?

“Hurricane coverage” is coverage for loss or damage caused by a windstorm during a hurricane. The term includes damage to the interior of a building or property inside a building caused by rain, snow, sleet, hail, sand, or dust if the direct force of the windstorm first damages the building, causing an opening through which rain, snow, sleet, hail, sand or dust enters and causes damage anywhere in the state of Florida. This is also found in s. 627.4025, Florida Statutes.

When Does the Hurricane Deductible Apply?

When you submit a claim for damages after a hurricane, there is usually a special hurricane deductible you must satisfy first. The deductible is subtracted from your insurance claim check for damage or loss. Generally, the hurricane deductible ranges between one percent and five percent of the ins insured home value.

According to s. 627.4025, Florida Statutes, the "Hurricane Deductible" applies only in the event of a hurricane. The duration of a hurricane in which the Hurricane Deductible would apply includes the period:

  1. Beginning at the time a hurricane watch or warning is issued for any part of Florida by the National Hurricane Center. Remember, it must be a “hurricane” declared by the National Hurricane Center; and
  2. Ending 72 hours following the termination of the last hurricane watch or hurricane warning issued for any part of Florida by the National Hurricane Center.

What Are the Hurricane Deductible Options?

All insurance companies must offer Hurricane Deductible options of $500, 2 percent, 5 percent, or 10 percent of the policy dwelling or structure limits unless the specific percentage deductible is less than $500. The Hurricane Deductible must be listed as a dollar amount, even if the deductible is listed as a percentage amount.

A few exceptions to the Hurricane Deductible amounts must be offered. The exceptions are:

Dwellings insured for at least $100,000 through $249,999

An insurance company may offer a policy that guarantees that the company will not non-renew the policy to reduce the hurricane exposure for one 12-month renewal period. However, the procedure may include up to a 2 percent Hurricane Deductible.

Dwellings with insured limits of $250,000 or more

The insurance company does not have to offer the option of a $500 Hurricane Deductible.

Any Dwelling with insured limits of less than $500,000

The policy may not have a "Hurricane Deductible" in excess of 10 percent unless:

  1. a) The policyholder personally writes and provides to the insurance company the following statement in their handwriting, signs their name, and is signed by all other named policyholders on the policy and dated: “I do not want the insurance on my home to pay for the first (specify dollar value) of damage from hurricanes. I will pay for those costs. My insurance will not.” (Per Section 627.712(2)(a)1, Florida Statutes)
  2. b) If the insured structure has a mortgage or lien, the policyholder must provide the insurance company with a written statement from the mortgagee indicating the mortgagee approves the policyholder electing to have the specified deductible.

This is allowed by, and subject to, regulations outlined in s. 627.701(d)1(a) and (b), Florida Statutes.

How Is the Hurricane Deductible Applied to My Policy?

Hurricane Deductible applies to personal lines residential property policies. The provision states that after the first Hurricane Deductible has been used, the deductible for the second hurricane (during the same year) will be the greater of the amount leftover from the first Hurricane Deductible if the deductible had not been met or the “all peril” deductible.

If the hurricane deductible was met in full with the first hurricane claim, the “all peril” deductible would apply to other Florida hurricane claims that occurred the same year.

Commercial, residential policies (for example), and condo association policies must provide either a hurricane deductible or one with a separate Hurricane Deductible for each hurricane.

Clearly, the interpretation of your insurance policy can substantially impact the amount you can recover after a storm loss. It would be best if you always had a property insurance attorney or another insurance claim professional to review your policy and the facts of your claim to ensure you are fully compensated after your loss.  

Has Your Home Insurance Company Denied Or Undervalued Your Property Damage Claim In Florida?

If your insurance company is dragging its feet regarding your property damage claim, you should speak with an experienced insurance claim lawyer as soon as possible. Please contact us online or call our Florida law office at 800.451.6786 to schedule your free consultation. We help Florida residents like you fight the big insurance companies who fail to abide by their policies. Remember, we work on a contingent basis, meaning you don't pay us anything until we win your case. 

K.C. Williams III
Managing Partner who has spent his entire career representing Florida insurance and personal injury claims.